克里斯多佛·史卡瑞 Chris Scarre
(英国杜伦大学 University of Durham )
直到1957年逝世，克劳福德一直担任《古物》的编辑。其继任者格林·丹尼尔（Glyn Daniel）当时是剑桥大学考古系讲师，后来成为迪斯尼教授。在随后的数十年间，《古物》便与剑桥大学结下了不解之缘。丹尼尔1987年退休之后编辑任务移交给克里斯·齐宾代尔（Chris Chippindale），而卡洛琳·马龙（Caroline Malone）和西蒙·斯托达特（Simon Stoddart）在1998年接替了齐宾代尔的工作。2003年，《古物》的工作阵地在新任编辑马丁·卡弗（Martin Carver）的主持下迁往约克大学。2013年，《古物》编辑部又移至杜伦。
《古物》杂志与巨石阵渊源已久，克劳福德于1927年创刊时采用的刊标即是明证。《古物》第一期的封面图片为克劳福德在地形测量局的同事埃利斯·马丁（Ellis Martin）设计的巨石阵木刻剪影，随后这一标志出现于刊物的每一期。但它也并不是一成不变的。1959年，时任编辑丹尼尔启用了由他在剑桥的同事布莱恩·霍普-泰勒（Brian Hope-Taylor）设计的新版巨石阵标志，霍普-泰勒是昂格鲁-萨克森专家，也是一位技艺高超的考古绘图工作者。之所以改换新标，是因为当时巨石阵的修复工作改变了其外观，原来的刊标便显得不甚准确（《古物》第33期，1959年，51页）。丹尼尔的继任者齐宾代尔又将霍普-泰勒的图标放大去底，重新在奶油底色上以灰色打印。2003和2013年的封面设计也是在泰勒图标的基础上进行各种变化。
Antiquity is probably the leading academic journal of world archaeology, and covers major discoveries and new research throughout the world and across every time period. The global remit is one of its greatest strengths, and its consistent reporting of recent developments and discoveries from all parts of the world sets it apart from almost all other archaeological journals. High editorial standards are crucial to its success and help to make archaeology accessible to a wide readership. Clear and intelligible writing, high production values and informative illustrations are key components in achieving this goal.
The growth of archaeology throughout almost every corner of the world is a welcome development that Antiquity seeks actively to reflect and promote. Global coverage does of course imply issues of regional balance. How should one decide what an appropriate representation of different regions, periods and themes might constitute? There is no simple answer, but our underlying message is that archaeology at a global scale is essential for a proper understanding of the interconnected world of today. Archaeology is ideally equipped to study and interpret the development of human societies in worldwide perspective. Archaeology delves deep into the prehistoric past and covers societies both ancient and modern without being reliant on the survival of written records. A core part of Antiquity’s mission is to assist and encourage authors from different countries and backgrounds, in order to overcome barriers between different languages and between different regional traditions of research and publication. Recent issues of Antiquity illustrate the broad geographical coverage and strong representation of non-anglophone researchers. We have today a growing number of authors and readers drawn from all parts of the world.
Antiquity is not merely a publisher of articles but also has a voice of its own. The editorials are widely read and provide an opportunity for the editor to report and comment on current developments in the field, or in areas and issues that bear upon it. Antiquity sits at the centre of an extensive web of connections that encompass a range of sectors and interests, from academics to heritage professionals to general readers, and from the UK and Europe to the rest of the world. It seeks to respond to all those constituencies, adapting to the on-going digital revolution in the media and the increasing globalisation of archaeology.
A Brief History
Antiquity was founded by O.G.S. Crawford in 1927. Crawford was a pioneer in the use of aerial photography in archaeology and published articles and books on British prehistory. After the First World War he became archaeological officer for the British official mapping service, the Ordnance Survey. His interests were much wider than that, however, and Antiquity was from the outset devoted to world archaeology. As Crawford famously stated in his first editorial, “our field is the Earth, our range in time a million years or so, our subject the human race”. The very first volume contained articles on Maori New Zealand, Algerian hillforts, the Egyptian Fayum and notes on Sri Lanka, Mongolia and Southern Africa.
Crawford remained editor of Antiquity until his death in 1957, when the editorship passed to Glyn Daniel, then a Lecturer and later Disney Professor of Archaeology at the University of Cambridge. Over the following decades Antiquity developed a strong association with Cambridge. Chris Chippindale took over as editor on Daniel’s retirement in 1987, and Caroline Malone and Simon Stoddart took over from Chippindale in 1998. Then in 2003 Antiquity moved away from Cambridge to the University of York under a new editor, Martin Carver; and most recently, in 2013, it moved to Durham.
Successive editors have built upon Crawford’s vision of Antiquity as a scholarly but accessible journal of world archaeology. The size of the journal has expanded as the pace of archaeological activity has grown: from 490 pages in 1927 to 1122 in 1997 and 1278 in 2013. Apart from a brief period in the 1970s and 1980s, Antiquity had from its inception been a quarterly journal, appearing in four issues each year (March, June, September, December). The growing pressure on space and the desire to accommodate more high quality material led to the decision to move from four issues to six issues per year in 2015. There was a consequent further increase in page extent (1694 pages in 2017). This expansion is a reflection both of the success of archaeology as a global enterprise, and the success of Antiquity.
Over the past five years Antiquity has published a wide range of papers of major international significance. These have ranged in subject from Palaeolithic art to medieval royal burials and twentieth century warfare. A special section on Angkor was published in our December 2015 issue. This series of five papers reported on recent work by Roland Fletcher and his team that has begun to understand better the structure and history of that large dispersed city.
A second special section in April 2016 was dedicated to recent work on the Maya. This included papers charting the changing character of water control across the Maya centuries, and the social and political role of Maya writing. Other papers addressed the varying impacts of Spanish rule in the different Maya regions, and the survival in recent times of local Maya heritage narratives, reminding us that the Maya did not disappear but live on today in the territories occupied by their ancestors.
Antiquity has also covered important discoveries in East Asia archaeology: among them, the production of crossbows for the Terracotta Army (March 2014) and of the terracotta figures themselves (August 2017); the maritime Silk Road under the Han Dynasty reflected in finds from the Hepu tombs in Guangxi; archaeological evidence of Zheng Zhe’s voyages to Hormuz (April 2015); the porcelain from the Nan’ao shipwreck (June 2016); the relationship of Niuheliang shrine to its hinterland (February 2017); the earliest evidence of pattern looms from a Han dynasty tomb at Chengdu; the composition and circulation of bronzes in the Shang and Zhou periods (April 2016, June 2016); and relations between China and the steppes (March 2014, June 2017).
European archaeology has continued to feature prominently in Antiquity. When the journal was founded in 1927, a woodcut of Stonehenge was adopted as its logo, and Stonehenge remains a focus of research and debate. It has featured in recent issues through the discovery of a quarry at Craig Rhos-y-felin in south Wales (December 2015), the reanalysis of the many cremations from Stonehenge that show it to have been an important Late Neolithic cemetery (April 2016), and renewed proposals for a road tunnel past the edge of site (Editorial, June 2017). Coverage of more recent centuries includes the analysis of aerial photography of battlefields of the First and Second World wars in France, Belgium and Germany (February 2015, February 2017), and from a slightly earlier period, study of the charcoal remains from Napoleonic army camps (October 2016) that reveal the profound impact that military concentrations of this kind must have had on the local vegetation.
Finally, Antiquity remains engaged in topical debates, such as climate change and the Anthropocene, the extensive damage to archaeological sites from looting and development, and western and non-western perspectives on the role and future of archaeology in the 21st century.
Editing a journal such as Antiquity opens up wide vistas and offers exciting challenges and opportunities. It is, however, very much a team effort, dependent upon all those who have devoted time and attention in their different capacities, whether as authors, reviewers, or readers. The Editorial Advisory Board, the Antiquity Trustees, and the journals division of Cambridge University Press provide invaluable support and advice. And last but not least, the editorial team at Durham ensure that the journal is produced in a timely manner to the highest professional standards. We are confident that in our increasingly international world, Antiquity will continue to go from strength to strength.
Notes on the Antiquity Logo
Antiquity has had a long association with Stonehenge, one that is manifest in the logo that was adopted by O.G.S. Crawford, founder of Antiquity in 1927. The front cover of the first ever issue features the woodcut silhouette of Stonehenge that was designed for Crawford by Ellis Martin, one of his colleagues at the Ordnance Survey. A version of the same logo has appeared on every subsequent issue. But it has not remained unchanged. In 1959 the then editor of Antiquity, Glyn Daniel, commissioned a new, crisper version of the Stonehenge logo from his Cambridge colleague Brian Hope-Taylor, an Anglo-Saxon specialist and an accomplished archaeological draughtsman. The reason was the recent restoration work undertaken at Stonehenge, which in changing the appearance of the stones made the earlier logo inaccurate (Antiquity 33 (1959), 51). When he succeeded Glyn Daniel as editor in 1986, Chris Chippindale took the Hope-Taylor image, enlarged it, chopped off the base, and printed it in gray on cream. Subsequent changes to the cover design in 2003 and 2013 have reproduced the Hope-Taylor version in various forms.